The following guidelines are written for hotel guests, but many of the principles apply to rental homes as well.
A hotel kitchenette requires the same method of kashering for Passover as a home kitchen. One should secure permission from the hotel before kashering.
Ideally, all kashering should be completed before the end time for eating chometz on Erev Pesach. Sometimes, a person might not arrive at his hotel room until later on Erev Pesach, or on Chol Hamoed Pesach. Following are guidelines for kashering at that time, using the procedures in the STAR-K Pesach Kitchen Guide.
An oven and stovetop grates may be kashered. A sink may be kashered as long as one can ascertain that the sink is aino ben yomo, has not been used with heat for 24 hours prior.
One can kasher only with libun chamur, a blow torch that makes the utensil red hot.This is not recommended unless one is specially trained and is, therefore, not practical for most situations.
One who is staying at a hotel and did not bring any chometz into the room should perform bedikas chometz without a bracha.Some hotel rooms have a “mini-bar” that is pre-stocked with drinks and snacks by the hotel. If there are food items in the mini-bar which are not Kosher for Passover, one should ensure that the staff removes those items. Alternatively, the mini-bar should be sealed off and the staff informed that the guest bears no responsibility for those items. Ice from the icemaker may be used, but the ice bucket in the room should not be used. The coffeemaker also may not be used.
In a hotel there is often a Kiddush before the day meal. To fulfill the mitzvah of Kiddush, one must eat a kezayis of mezonos to create “Kiddush b’makom seuda”. On Pesach, this creates a unique issue since often no gebrokts foods are served. The cakes are typically Shehakol, made from potato starch or nut flour and not matzah meal.
If there are no Mezonos cakes, or one’s custom is not to eat them, one could fulfill the Kiddush b’makom seuda by drinking a revi’is (3.8 fluid oz) of wine or grape juice. Each person listening to Kiddush must drink this amount. (The one who recites Kiddush should drink at least 5 ¾ oz. (This is slightly more than a half-revi’is to be yotzei Kiddush, and then another revi’is for b’makom seuda of wine or grape juice)
Electronic Locks and Doors
Although electronic door locks are commonplace, certain hotels, especially those near large Orthodox communities, still have a few rooms set aside that use a key; it is worthwhile to attempt to find these hotels. Electronic card keys may not be used and are muktzah on Shabbos. Hotel guests may leave them at the front desk before Shabbos, and then ask non-Jewish staff members on Shabbos to open their door on Shabbos.
Some door locks on the inside of the room may appear mechanical, but turning the latch activates an automatic lock which will then move on its own. This should be checked before Shabbos.
When walking into or out of the hotel, one should use manual non-electronic doors. Service or staff doors are likely to be non-electronic and may be available to guests with special authorization. If there are no manual doors, one should wait until a non-Jew opens the electric-eye door with his movement and then proceed through the doorway. Due to the difficulty of coordinating one’s movements with those of another person, caution should be taken to avoid unwittingly activating the door.
Sensors for Lights and Heating/Air-Conditioning
Guests tend to leave the heating and air conditioners running while they are away from the room; therefore, some hotels are installing energy-efficient thermostats. When it senses that the room is unoccupied, the thermostat adjusts the climate to an energy-efficient setting. When the guest opens the door to re-enter the room, the thermostat readjusts to the original setting. The sensor may also turn the lights on or off, depending upon whether or not someone is in the room. It can also alert housekeeping that the room is empty and may be cleaned. One may not stay in such a room on Shabbos unless these sensors are disabled by the staff prior to Shabbos.
Hallway and room lights may be motion sensitive to turn on upon entering the room. Furthermore, some hotels require the room key to be inserted in a slot in the room to keep the lights and AC active. When one leaves the room, he removes the key. As a workaround, one can request from the staff (before Shabbos) to leave his hallway lights on continuously for Shabbos and to provide him with a key that can be left in the slot throughout Shabbos.
One must ensure that a light in the refrigerator does not illuminate upon opening the refrigerator door.
Hotels may be equipped with sinks and toilets that are controlled by an electric eye, particularly in the lobby. The bathroom may have automated lights that are activated when the door is opened or one walks into the room. We suggest avoiding hotels on Shabbos that do not offer a different system.
As always, toilet paper should be prepared before Shabbos. Boxes of tissues should be checked to ensure that the tissues are separated from one another (some might be perforated but not separated).
There may be security cameras in the hotel. It is best to avoid being videoed by such cameras on Shabbos, since the image is projected onto a screen. However, if this is difficult to avoid and one has no interest in being seen by the cameras, he is permitted to walk past them.
In case of need, one may use a “Shabbos elevator.” The elevator is set up to stop on each floor and remain open for a short while. Walking through the door while it is open must not trigger any detectable change. One should enter or exit the elevator as soon as the door opens. He should not block the elevator doorway, as this will activate the electric eye.
These generally may be used on Shabbos. Some escalators are “on-demand” and stop or are slowed until someone steps on them; others have a counter triggered by breaking an electric eye sensor. These may not be used on Shabbos.
Please note: The term ‘Shabbos’ in the above article refers to Yom Tov, as well.
For year-round information, see www.STAR-K.org/articles/kashrus-kurrents/501/the-travelers-halachic-guide-to-hotels.